Paul Grabbe’s education was interrupted by the Russian Revolution. He came to the USA in 1923 and became a citizen in 1932 after a variety of jobs in Coloado and California – waiter, miner, street car conductor. He taught himself English by reading books recommended by a local librarian. A Juilliard fellowship in composition took him back to New York. There he held a Rockefeller Foundation grant in the Humanities. During the 50s and 60s, he was a graphic specialist in the Federal Government. In retirement, he and his wife wrote Private World of the Last Tsar (Little, Brown). He is the author of seven books, three of them on music.